Thursday, April 14, 2005
Volcano eruptions make history in Indonesia
Number of Dead - Volcano – Year 92,000 - Tambora - 1815. This eruption of Tambora, located on Sumbawa Island, East Nusa Tenggara province, was greater in size and power than the more famous eruption of Krakatau. About 10,000 people were killed directly as a result of eruptions and ash falls, while about 82,000 were subsequently killed by starvation and disease. A popular Jakarta nightclub named after this volcano was burned down in 1997. As an insurance scam.
Apparently. 36,417 - Krakatau - 1883. Located in the Sunda Strait between Java and Bali, Krakatau erupted repeatedly over August 26-27, blowing itself apart. The dead were killed by the huge explosions and massive tsunamis.
10,000 - Kelut - 1586. Kelut, also called Kelud, is located in Margomlujo, East Java. Most of the victims were killed by lahars - landslide-like mudflows comprising volcanic ash and debris saturated with water, in this case from the volcano's crater lake.
5,110 - Kelut - 1919. 4,011 - Galunggung - 1882. Located near Garut, south of Bandung in West Java. The dead were killed by mudflows and hot ash.
3,200 - Awu - 1711. Awu is located on Sangihe Besar Island in North Sulawesi province. 3,000 - Merapi - 1672. Merapi is located by the border of Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces. Its name literally means 'mountain of fire'.
2,957 - Papandayan - 1772. Located near Garut in West Java. Most of the dead were killed by ash flows.
2,800 - Awu - 1856. 1,500 - Awu - 1892. 1,184 - Agung - 1963. The March 17 eruption blew the top off the volcano located on the resort island of Bali. Agung is the island's highest and most sacred mountain. It also a popular tourist attraction.
1,300 - Merapi - 1930. 1,000 - Raung - 1638. Located in Basuki, East Java, this volcano should not be confused with the similarly named Ruang volcano in the Sangihe Islands in North Sulawesi.
960 - Awu - 1812. 500 - Iliwerung - 1979. Located on Lomblen Island, which lies between Flores Island and Alor Island, East Nusa Tenggara province.
265 - Semeru - 1965. Semeru is the highest mountain in Java. It is located in Lumajang regency, East Java, about 20 kilometers south of Bromo. 253 - Semeru - 1981. 212 - Kelut - 1966.
149 - Dieng - 1979. The Dieng volcanic complex in Central Java province consists of two main volcanoes and about 20 smaller craters, several of which emit poisonous gas.
90 - Kelut - 1966. 66 - Merapi - 1994. A scorching heat cloud from the volcano killed villagers and farmers living on its slopes.
60 - Merapi - 1979 40 - Awu - North Sulawesi - 1966.
35 - Kelut - 1990. Most of the victims were killed when their houses collapsed under the weight of volcanic material.
30 - Rinjani - 1994. Rinjani is the highest mountain on Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara province, and a popular tourist attraction. The mountain's lesser Barujari summit began erupting in June 1994 and by November sent down a cold lahar that killed 30 villagers.
27 - Galunggung - 1982. 6 - Karangetang - 1992. Also known as Api Siau, the volcano is located on Siau Island in the Sangihe Islands, North Sulawesi. The six killed in this eruption were farmers burned by a landslide of hot lava and other material.
6 - Semeru - 1994. 2 - Merapi - 2001.
2 - Semeru - 2000. Interestingly, the victims of this July 27 eruption were not locals but two scientists from the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI). Six other international volcanologists were injured by eruptions of volcanic material.
2 - Bromo - 2004. A Singaporean boy and Indonesian man hiking up this East Java volcano were killed by eruptions of rocks and stones.
1 - Karangetang - 1976
1 - Semeru - 1981.
1 - Dieng - 1992
1 - Marapi - 1992. Located in West Sumatra, not to be confused with Java's better known Merapi.
1 - Semeru - 1997. The September 4 eruption killed one German tourist and injured another when they were hit by debris.
1 - Anak Krakatau - 1993. This volcano has grown out of the remains of the original Krakatau.